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   Beauty and fashion, health updates, pets, gadgets

Zoonosis
Stay healthy
Zoonosis refers to diseases that can be passed from vertebrate animals to humans, and vice versa in many cases.



line
02.04.2014 - Over 200 different types are currently documented, caused by a variety of pathogenic agents such as bacteria, parasites, fungi, and viruses.

Unfortunately a high proportion of newly emerging diseases are now zoonotic, and the ongoing international trade in exotic animals is certainly exasperating the spread of this type of illness.  However, as far as the majority of pets go, the most relevant zoonotic diseases are those which can be passed to humans from cats and dogs. 

Cats and/or dogs may carry the causative organisms for Lyme disease, plague, anthrax, cowpox, rabies, and a whole host of bacterial infections.  There are also many different parasitic infections that can be passed to humans from their pets, including Giardia intestinalis, Trichurosis, Dipylidium caninum and Toxocariasis. 

However, there is no need to panic; it is highly unlikely you will ever catch the majority of these diseases.  Nevertheless, there are some general steps which are worth taking when dealing with animals to ensure that everyone stays healthy.  

For example, Some zoonotic infections can be avoided by immunising the animals that carry the disease, which is why rabies vaccinations are so important.  In fact, all vaccinations and anti-parasite treatments should be kept up to date.  It is also important to always wash your hands after touching animals; do not pick up or touch dead animals and don’t allow your pet near them.  Bathe pets regularly, and ensure they have a healthy, balanced diet: all beings find it easier to beat disease when their bodies have all the vitamins and minerals they need to function correctly.

And last, but not least: always acquire animals from registered dealers and, preferably, refuges; never encourage illegal private breeders by buying animals off them – there is many a sad case of diseased animals dying shortly after arriving home, and there is always the possibility of that disease being passed to other members of the household.

 

 



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